Sampathkumar Veeraraghavan, Medford United States of America
Motivation ———- Engineers have the responsibility to develop technological solutions to meet the rising needs of all people regardless of their socio economic environment. Looking at history, we can see that technology has played a prominent role in bringing significant positive changes in the living conditions of differently abled people. With the advent of the Information Technology, solutions such as information & centralized database systems can remove the barriers faced by individuals with disabilities. Technology facilitates pathways to support the accessibility to various resources & services for the different abled individuals. While the technology exists, the challenge is finding the appropriate means of delivering the services in a cost-effective and expedient manner that can enrich the lives of these individuals. ISHHS-An Introduction ———————- The Information system for Human & Health services (ISHHS) is an information system developed for use by the Government of Tamil Nadu, India. The goal is to create an online repository that collects information on the entire population of persons with disabilities in Tamil Nadu. When this information is analyzed, it will open several avenues for research and development in the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. In addition, it will also help the government to determine the effectiveness and reach of government sponsored disability services and programs being provided to the disabled citizens of Tamil Nadu. The creation of such an information database system is the first of its kind to be implemented in the entire nation. The Government of Tamil Nadu is the privileged flag bearer of this endeavor. The ISHHS has been successfully developed and implemented across all the 31 districts of state of Tamil Nadu over a period of 4 months. Based on the government census 2001, this system is expected to benefit the entire disabled population of approximately 1.645 Million people in Tamil Nadu. As per the latest report received from the office of the state commissionerate for disabled, Government of Tamil Nadu, ISHHS has successfully reached the milestone of covering Half a Million disabled people across the state of Tamil Nadu. II. Goals of ISHHS Project in accordance with IEEE Core Values ————————————————————- This project has demonstrated the social professional responsibility of engineers in solving problems faced by persons with disabilities which aligns perfectly with IEEE’s core value of service to humanity – leveraging technology and engineering to benefit human welfare. The following section discusses how the goals and outcome of this project is in compliance with IEEE core values: ———————————————- (Please refer to the report attached for the IEEE core values Compliance model ) ———————————————– 1. Service to humanity • The Goal of ISHHS is to generate reliable statistical data on disability for use by the government of Tamil Nadu in planning and execution of welfare programs aimed at improving quality of life of differently abled individuals. • This project has created public awareness about the role of engineering profession in solving the humanitarian issues. The program has brought together many disciplines including medical doctors, special educators, social workers, government officials and students to solve a real world issue affecting millions of people. • The following diagram depicts the significant positive changes influenced over the life of persons with disabilities using the knowledge extracted from ISHHS. Please refer to Impact on Humanity section for detailed summary on the impacts of ISHHS on Humanity. (Please refer to the report attached for the ISHHS Impact on Humanity diagram) 2. Global focus: Ø This Project ISHHS has solved one of the critical problems mainly obtaining the causes and types of disabilities, this information is of paramount importance in devising welfare projects in developing nation like India. Ø The project vision to remove the barriers faced by the differently abled people is of global importance in improving the quality of life for people with disabilities. Ø This project is a shining example of how a student member from Region 1 can devise an engineering solution that can benefit millions of differently abled people across other regions, like Region 10. This demonstrates that engineering can transcend all boundaries. Ø It also has demonstrated how IEEE members across the globe can contribute their technical skills in solving problems faced by humanity. 3. Trust and respect: Ø This project has created a strong partnership among IEEE, Office of State Commissionerate for Disabled, Government of Tamil Nadu, India and a Non Governmental Organization “Madhuram Narayanan Center for Exceptional Children” in solving one of the most challenging problems faced towards determining the cause and extent of disabilities. Ø The outcome of this project will ensure that equal opportunities are created to facilitate the participation and development of differently abled persons in all sectors of society. Ø This project has received raving appreciation from the chair person of several professional bodies like Computer society of India(CSI), Institute of Electronics and Telecommunications, India (IETE) and Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) as it demonstrates how the technical contribution from members of professional bodies like IEEE can uplift the life of an individual afflicted with a disability .This projects is being considered as a benchmark by other professional bodies to follow. 4. Growth and nurturing of the profession: Ø The project ISHHS will be used by the State commissionerate to frame legal policies and plan programs aimed at creating avenues for education and employment for differently abled persons across the state of Tamil Nadu. Ø This will be a boon for differently abled children residing in the rural villages across the state of Tamil Nadu, India and help parents with very little education to properly diagnose and find treatment for their children. This project shows how IEEE members can both encourage and can create opportunity for the persons with disabilities through technology. 5. Collaboration and Community building: The program has brought together many disciplines including medical doctors, special educators, social workers, government officials and students to solve a real world issue affecting millions of people. This project is a shining example of how interdisciplinary global communities like IEEE- a professional body, Governmental agency and Non Government Organization can collaborate with each other to solve a humanitarian issue. The success of this project has created strong ties among IEEE members, Office of State Commissionerate for Disabled, Government of Tamil Nadu and the Non Governmental Organization “Madhuram Narayanan Center for Exceptional Children” to work together as a community in addressing barriers faced by the disabled population in Tamil Nadu. 6. Professionalism: This project has been done as a voluntary service, which demonstrates the social responsibility of engineers in solving humanitarian issues using their technological skills. 7. Intellectual activity: The ISHHS is a unique information system on Disabilities across India and is expected to produce significant changes in the life of persons with disabilities. It will ensure that the needs and the rights of people with disabilities are broadly considered and will value their experiences when developing programs targeted at responding to the particular needs of people with disabilities. Milestones of ISHHS are listed below: • High Versatility: The component such as Architecture, Design layouts are highly reusable maintaining international quality standards. • Uniqueness: First dedicated information database system gathering information on persons with disabilities, types of disabilities and the extent of disabilities in India. • Database Independent application will allow binding of the application with the current revision of the database at any point of time. • Open source coding aspect will allow future development with a zero-cost factor. • Extensibility: The software has been developed using state-of-the-art Object oriented technologies supporting easy enhancements in future. III. Problem Definition According to the United Nations, 10% of the world’s population, approximately 650 million people, live with some kind of disability. As per United Nations Development Program (UNDP), 80% of people with disabilities live in developing countries, India is no different. According to the 2001 Census, there are about 21.9 million people affected with different forms of disabilities in India. However, certain Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) have suggested this figure to be closer to 60 million. The existing form of disabilities ranges from Visual impairment, Hearing impairment, Locomotors and Mental disabilities. Unquestionably, addressing the barriers faced by this gifted group of people and rendering a helping hand to them and their caregivers is of paramount importance to every human. The Information and communication technologies (ICT) tools can provides essential assistance needed by differently abled people to achieve their dream of independent living and participation in social and economic activities. III. “Challenges Faced by the Different abled people” An Insight in to the present scenario in the State of Tamil Nadu, India ——————————————————————-  In India, there is a huge gap in terms of accessibility to medical facilities in urban & suburban communities. This, combined with the disparity in Socio-economic levels, traditional beliefs and customs, leaves many a Special Children with disabilities undiagnosed and untreated. Even in the urban scenario, there is little concerted effort from the various care providers to tackle this issue in a comprehensive manner due to the lack of availability of accurate Disability data. The dearth on disability data has made it difficult for the Government in devising welfare programs catering to the need of the differently abled.  The State of Tamil Nadu lies on the southern most part of Indian Peninsula. The present scenario in the state of Tamil Nadu, India pertaining to the creation of an information system on Disability is still in its nascent stage. The lack of information on the numbers of people with Disabilities or the types of disabilities adversely affects the planning and execution of various Governmental & Non Governmental Initiatives aimed at improving the quality of life of the differently abled people.  Disability limits the access to education and employment which leads to economic and social exclusion of differently abled people. The lack of a knowledgebase on disability has adverse effects on the implementation of several Nation building projects. Most of the projects are framed with out taking in to account the needs of people with disabilities. Hence the person with disability is unable to participate fully in the development process and obtain a fair share of the benefits, and claim their rights as equal members of society. In essence, this project is helping to develop a needs analysis and specification requirements for serving a particular client, namely disabled populations.  Specific Disability preventive measures can be initiated only if we have accurate disability data. The lack of this information will make it difficult to understand the prevalence pattern on disability afflicting a particular age group or a specific gender across a specific geographic region which in turn affects the planning & implementation of rehabilitation program.  Also, the avenues for pursuing research in the field of rehabilitation are limited due to the nonexistence of data on disability. The various programs aimed at providing diagnoses and treatment for disabled children are subjected to prolonged delay, which in turn affects the early rehabilitation & quality of treatment needed by these special children.  Thus all the development programs and policies for enabling the full participation of persons with disabilities in the everyday activities is constrained by the dearth of disability statistics and the inadequacy of the existing data. These factors directly affect the social welfare programs aimed at creating opportunities for different abled persons. ‘Barriers Faced by the person with Disability in Tamil Nadu, India ————————————————————- In the current scenario the absence of an information system on disability has affected the availability of reliable disability data which in turn has raised a number of issues listed below in the state of Tamil Nadu:  Difficultly in establishing policies aimed at improving the quality of life for differently abled persons.  Delay in the initiation of disability preventive measures such as Early Intervention and Early detection.  Lack of data to monitor and evaluate the progress of various Governmental and Non Governmental Organization (NGO) initiatives on disability which in turn has affected the quality of service for the disabled individual.  Lack of baseline data on disability affects the research in the field of rehabilitation.  Difficultly in assessing the socio economic status of differently abled people.  Making it difficult to frame new legal laws to enforce the rights of the differently abled people.  Governmental and NGO’s initiatives aimed at creating avenues on Education and employment for differently abled gets adversely affected.  Due to the limited availability of disability statistics, the prevalence pattern cannot be clearly identified which affects the preventive measures aimed at reducing the incidence of disability.  The social and physical barrier faced by the differently abled people goes unnoticed.  Cause of disability could not be assessed accurately due to the limited knowledge on disability.  Impact of Poverty on disability such as lack of facility to pursue education and medical treatment cannot be precisely assessed.  Also, Programs specifically aimed at reducing or eliminating specific diseases and conditions cannot not be successfully designed and implemented due to unavailability of Disability data. Impact analysis of Disability to Poverty: ————————————- ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– • In the impact analysis conducted, we have determined that the lack of data on disability affects the implementation of social welfare programs for the person with a disability; this in turn restrains the opportunities and resources available for the development of differently abled persons. • For instance, the unavailability of precise statistics on disabilities can adversely affect the quality of any education and employment welfare program because the needs of differently abled children hailing from low socio economic background in rural villages are not represented. This will reduce their chances of participation in a welfare programs for education. • In the long term, this prevents children with disabilities from obtaining an education and thus to securing suitable employment. This drives them more deeply into poverty and leads to cultural and social exclusion.
IV. Technological Solution towards the betterment of Humanity ————————————————————– Objective of the project: ———————— •All these factors motivated us to design an effective information system aimed at overcoming the barriers faced by persons with disabilities, especially children and their caretakers .The aim of our humanitarian project ISHHS is to develop technological aids that will generate reliable disability data to assist the Government and Non governmental organizations in devising projects & policies to make informed strategic decisions to improve the quality of life of differently abled persons. Salient features of ISHHS: ————————- The salient features of ISHHS are listed below: 1. Uniqueness: • First dedicated information database system gathering information on persons with disabilities, types of disabilities and the extent of disabilities in India. 2. Web Based Application System: • This feature facilitates easy accessibility at both the urban and suburban setup. 3. Extensibility: • The software has been developed using state-of-the-art Object oriented technologies supporting easy enhancements in future. 4. Database Independent Application System: • This feature will enable the use of any commercially available database system and thus facilitate extensibility. 5. Effective Data model supporting easily maintainability. 6. Optimized way of Data entry and Access: • The click and Go feature reduces the time required per data entry record .The querying mechanism are highly performance fine tuned to reduce the response time. 7. Highly secured data system: To ensure the privacy of data access. 8. Open source coding aspect will allow future development with a zero-cost factor. 9. Adoption of Quality process: Models such as proper documentation and best practices were adopted in design, coding and testing process. 10. Low cost effective solution: Since the technologies utilized are open source, it can be extended to any region across globe. 11. High Versatility: The component such as Architecture, Design layouts are highly reusable. Adaptability of ISHHS to other regions: ————————————- • The unique feature of ISHHS supports maximum flexibility and extensibility in implementing the system in any region across the Globe. Since, open source technology model has been adopted in developing ISHHS, future enhancements and customization to a specific geographical region can easily be carried over with development cost broght down to zero. Most of the ISHHS’s components like architectures and designs are reusable which in turn enable the development of newer versions without complex coding, testing, or re-engineering of system. • The success of ISHHS in the state of Tamil Nadu is likely to encourage all other states in India to adopt and implement an information system like ISHHS in their respective region. Thus in the long-term ISHHS has the potential to benefit the entire disabled population in India of approximately around 21.9 million disabled people (based on census 2001). Further more, the flexibility of ISHHS makes it an ideal solution for deployment in any country with minimal customization efforts and costs. For instance, customized versions of ISHHS can be developed and used effectively in countries like Africa to devise welfare programs for the differently abled people. Project Plan and Execution ————————- The creation of Information system on Human and health services (ISHHS) has been implemented in three major phases: ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– • Phase-I: Knowledge Acquisition phase involves building knowledge repository on types of disabilities and services available. • Phase-II: Development and deployment of the Information Database system • Phase-III: Dissemination of Information for decision making Knowledge Acquisition Phase: —————————- • The most important phase of building an information system involves creation of an information rich repository. This phase plays a critical role in building the information system as it identifies and establishes the functionality of the system, which formulates the basis for design and development. This phase encompasses of two sub phases namely, the Identification phase & survey phase. Identification Phase: • An effective Information system can be built only if the end users are properly identified and the goals of the system are clearly established. In the Identification phase, we have gathered the expectation and needs of the differently abled people from the state commission for the disabled as well as NGO and schools for special children and then identified those agencies which will require this information. Primary users of ISHHS: ———————– In our analysis, we have identified the following primary users of the ISHHS along with their usage need on disability data: • Researchers, to pursue research in the field of rehabilitation. • The general public, to create public awareness on the cause of disability. • Policy makers, to formulate policy in improving the living condition of people with disability. • Associations and Non Governmental organizations (NGO) , to frame disability preventive measure. • Trade unions, to act together to create avenues for employing people with disability. • Government agencies, to formulate and implement legal laws and social welfare programs for disabled person. • International organizations, to assist the respective government in framing rehabilitation policies and to provide a global forum to share the information on disabilities. • Health service organizations and providers, to organize medical and rehabilitation programs to assist the disabled. • Industry, to help foster their corporate social awareness programs. • Device and equipment manufacturers, to design and market devices that caters to the needs of disabled people. • Employers, to assist in framing disabled friendly organization culture. • Disability consumer groups, to provide legal assistance to disabled people in practicing their rights. • Insurance agencies, to help them in framing special medical insurance programs for person with disability. • Education planners, to develop curriculum that will help the special child in improving their life skills and create avenues for educating the disability person from low socio economic. • Media, to create awareness on disability. Importance of Data on Disability: ——————————- Once the end users are identified, it is important to identify their needs and expectation along with their usage view of the disability data. The identification phase will yield answers to the various questions pertaining to the various needs of the disability data . Based on this analysis, we have identified the following key areas where ISHHS will be utilized to plan for the welfare of the differently abled people: • Planning of new Legal laws & Procedures • Project and planning evaluation • Marketing • Policy development • Advocacy and political action • Planning and implementation of disability preventive measures • Tracking and enhancing the participation of persons with disability • Improving services • Creating or improving standards Thus the identification phase is of paramount importance, as it establishes the goal of the survey phase. ISHHS: Survey Phase ——————– Once the users and their needs are identified, the core activity of the knowledge acquisition phase, the process of data collection has been conducted. In ISHHS, the survey model has been used as the instrument in implementing the data collection process. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– The survey model involves various stages illustrated above. Each of these stages plays a critical role in framing the knowledge rules. The ISHHS knowledge acquisition phase was implemented through channels such as Governmental agencies and Non Governmental organizations. The data gathered in the survey phase formulates the knowledgebase of ISHHS’s online repository. Once the knowledge acquisition phase is completed, it gives leads to the development of system architecture. V. ISHHS Architectures ———————— ISHHS-A Bird eye’s View of the system The ISHHS is a Client Server based application developed using the Java/J2EE Technology. As shown in the Technological grid, the ISHHS comprises of three layers of components: • Client end components • Server end components • Knowledge repository ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– The end user interacts with the ISHHS through the client end screens designed using the tiles technology. The client end components contains validation rules that are implemented using the client side scripting languages such as JSP to facilitate the validation of end-user’s input. The ISHHS has been uniquely designed in such a way that most of data driven operations are implemented as “Click & Go – Mouse operations” rather than the conventional keyboard based operations. The reason behind this unique feature is to minimize the time required per record entry. This approach is time and cost effective since it has significantly helped the data entry team in avoiding typological errors and has significantly reduced the rework time for re-entry. ISHHS Application Architecture —————————— ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– • As shown in the application architecture of ISHHS, the end user interacts with the ISHHS through the interactive front end screens. The validation engine evaluates the authenticity of the user’s credential in accessing the application system. On successful validation, user gains access to the application system module. The application system module comprises of nine process stream modules. Each of the process stream modules has been implemented using a separate interface screen. These screens act as interface to facilitate interaction among the end user and application module. Usually, user type in the information gathered from the survey forms in to the respective process area screen module. Components like drop down list, Text box in each screen has a validation rule attached to it which get executed for each entry to ensure that data in proper format is fed in to the ISHSS knowledge base repository. • The application module resides and executes in the server end. It forwards the successfully validated data stream for storage in to the database table present in the database server. The application module and database server interacts in a client server mechanism. • The ISHHS application module sends information which the database server stores in the appropriate tables. Similarly when the ISHHS knowledge management (a sub module with in application module) requests specific information, the database server executes a conditional query and responds with the interested data as output. ISHHS Technology Grid ———————– • One of most important responsibility of an engineer is to deliver cost effective solution. In development of ISHHS, immense care was taken to achieve this commitment. A unique feature of ISHHS is its technology grid. The ISHHS has been developed by making use of open source technological tools, which has zeroed in the cost of development and maintenance of the system. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– • As Shown in the technology grid, the Client end makes use of technologies such as tiles, Html and browser. The server end contains the ISHHS application that execute over Tom cat server, while the database end has been implemented using My SQL 5.0. • The development of such a system will be a boon in developing country like India since the cost factor for development has been brought down to zero. This project has set an example how students and professionals can invest their time in developing low cost effective technological solutions that benefits millions of disabled people. The success of this project will further motivate and facilitate the participation of professionals’ in future humanitarian projects. ISHHS-Software Development Life Cycle ——————————————- The ISHHS has been developed using the software development life cycle models such as “the Iterative Waterfall and Spiral Models”. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– The following phases were adopted during the course of development of “ISHHS”. • Analysis phase: In which the Government requirements were transformed in to System requirements. • Design phase: The system requirements framed earlier were converted to design models like Application Architectures and Data models. • Construction phase: The system has been constructed using object oriented technology on the basis of the design framed earlier. • Testing phase: The software has been validated against the test cases established during the analysis and requirement gathering phase. • Deployment phase: This involves the installation of the developed software in the target client system. • Maintenance & Support phase: Any new emerging requirements and fixes will be introduced in to the system. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the Appendix in the project report attached for Design Model, Application Interfaces and Database Modeling) ——————————————————–
VI. Impact on the Life of Differently abled people • Insurance agencies can frame special medical insurance programs for person with disability. • Education planners can utilize the disability data to develop new educational programs for assisting the special children in improving their life skills. Similarly, the existing curriculum can be updated so as to create avenues for educating the disability person from low socio economic. • Media can utilize the data in creating awareness on disability about the possible causes and their respective preventive measures available in a specific region. VII. Results ———– Impact of ISHHS on policy formulation ———————————— Some of the specific benefits yielded from using the knowledge extracted from ISHHS in the domain of policy formulation are listed below: 1. Differences in rates of disability between males and females: The information on Gender differences will helps to identify the presence of discrimination against a particular gender in availing disability services. This data will help the government in framing policies to facilitate equal access to services. Also; this information would assist in determining the cause of disability like accident related injuries in the working environment. This information will provide the basis information supporting the formulation of policy on safety measures in the work place. 2. Disability Prevention-data on the cause of disability The identification of the cause of the disability will help the policy makers in planning and execution of preventive programs appropriate for their respective districts. In the State of Tamil Nadu, the following underlying causes of disability have been identified through the ISHHS analysis: • Malnutrition, diseases, • Congenital factors, • accidents, • Inadequate hygiene, • Lack of access to a health care system, • Exposure to chemical substances, • stresses and others. Most of these causes of disability are preventable, if strategies that focus on these areas are employed. The ISHHS has generated appropriate knowledge required in planning and execution of such preventive strategies to reduce the incidence of Disability. 3. Differences in service utilization between the populations with and without disabilities This information will help in formulation of policies to increase accessibility of population with disabilities in different services and facilities, such as mandatory provision of ramps instead of stairs for those on wheelchairs. 4. Identification of physical and social barriers Information on what types and causes of restrictions persons with Disabilities are facing related to basic services is useful for determining the environmental and social barriers that most urgently need to be addressed. This information also help the government in identification of the type of assistive device most needed is important for the best allocation of funds. 5. Access to and participation in education and employment The data may provide information on how persons with disabilities are integrated with the educational system and the labor market. This is a critical issue related to disability policy. 6. Legal Rights & laws to support person with disability: Discrimination against persons with disabilities, and unwillingness to bear the costs of creating a more accessible environment e.g. at schools or workstations are key obstacles to the improvement of the lives of persons with disabilities. 7. Improving the infrastructure and resource facilities towards the cause of disability Disability data may encourage governments to construct better facilities or provide tax incentives to schools or firms that accept persons with disabilities. 8. Impact of Poverty and Information on Income & type of Disability Poverty is one of the causes of disability. This is because the poor are more exposed to dangerous working and living conditions, including lack of access to healthcare facilities, and poor nutrition, among others. On the other hand, disability can also be a cause of poverty. This is particularly true if the persons with disabilities, and their caretakers, do not have the capacity to generate income for the family. More over, there may also be financial constraints brought about by the expensive medical treatment or assistive devices needed by persons with disabilities. The collection of Data on income and information related to the socio economic status of the household may provide insight into how poverty can affect disability and vice-versa. Thus the information from ISHHS will assists the Government of Tamil Nadu in framing polices and programs towards the welfare of the differently abled people. VIII. Implementation status ————————— ISHHS – Implementation Architecture ———————————– ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– This model explains the project planning and execution model of ISHHS project. As per the Census of India-2001, the State of Tamil Nadu comprises of 31 districts with a total disabled population of approximately 16,42,497. The office of the state commissionerate for disabled along with various Governmental agencies have adopted the survey model explained earlier in implementing the knowledge acquisition phase of ISHHS. Each of the 31 districts has a Governmental agency named “District Rehabilitation center” that look after the welfare of the disability population in their respective region. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– As show in the figure, the networks of the “District Rehabilitation officers” were used as the instrument in the gathering information during the survey phase. The development of ISHHS was carried in parallel to ensure the availability of the information system at the end of survey phase. Later on, the data collected from the survey process has been successfully fed in to the ISHHS .The data available in ISHHS is being used effectively in planning and implementation of different initiatives aimed at the betterment of the differently abled population. It also provides an effective mechanism to closely monitor and evaluate the on-going welfare projects on disability. Currents status ————— • The ISHHS has been successfully developed and implemented across all the 31 districts of state of Tamil Nadu over a period of 4 months. Based on the government census, this system is expected to benefit the entire disabled population of approximately 1.645 Million people in Tamil Nadu. • According to the latest report received from the NGO MNC and office of the state commissionerate, ISHHS has reached the milestone of covering Half a Million disabled people across the state of Tamil Nadu. • The Stage- I of the project that involves the completion of data entry is likely to be completed by April 2009 by which all the person with disabilities in the state of Tamil Nadu will be covered. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the Model) ——————————————————– •It is to be noted that individuals who are afflicted with disability and has not availed any benefits from Governmental initiatives either due to lack of awareness on their rights or due to a hesitation on social grounds are successfully being identified during the survey phase of ISHHS. Thus ISHHS is significantly helping the state commissionerate to identify the hidden disability population across the state. • The hidden disability population will eventually be incorporated in to ISHHS disability knowledgebase repository, so that ISHHS will reflect and generate accurate disability statistical data. By utilizing the hidden population data, Government can enforce action plan to enable them to participate in various social welfare program for disabled and enable them to experience equal opportunity in the society. • The Stage–II of the project involves designing of data mining techniques for extracting appropriate knowledge from the knowledge base has been initiated and is expected to be completed by May 2009. ISHHS – Half a Million Coverage Landmark —————————————- • As per the latest information from the state commissionerate for Disabled, Government of Tamil Nadu , ISHHS has successfully covered approximately about 5,84,000 disabled people across the state of Tamil Nadu and has obtained the achievement of covering” Half a million disabled people in a short period of time. • Statistics on ISHHS Implementation: District wise usage ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the results) ——————————————————– • Notification from NGO MNC and State Commissionerate on “ISHHS Half Million Coverage Mark”. ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the results) ——————————————————– Total Disabled Population & ISHHS Implementation and usage-Statistics as of Feb 3, 2009 ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the results) ——————————————————– ISHHS Project Metrics and Time line Using Gantt chart ——————————————————– ( Please refer to the project report attached for the project Time line). Adaptability of ISHHS to other regions: ————————————- • The unique feature of ISHHS supports maximum flexibility and extensibility in implementing the system in any region across the Globe. Since, open source technology model has been adopted in developing ISHHS, future enhancements and customization to a specific geographical region can easily be carried over with zeroed in development cost. Most of the ISHHS’s components like architectures and designs are reusable which in turn enable the development of newer versions without complex coding, testing, or re-engineering of system. • The success of the ISHHS in the state of Tamil Nadu is likely to encourage all other the states in India to adopt and implement an information system like ISHHS in their respective state. Thus in the long-term ISHHS has the potential to benefit the entire disabled population in India of approximately around 21.9 million disabled people (based on census 2001). Further, the flexibility of ISHHS makes it an ideal solution for deployment in any country with minimal customization1 efforts and costs. For instance, customized versions of ISHHS can be developed and used effectively in countries like Africa to devise welfare programs for the differently abled people. VIII. Conclusion ————— • A sharper focus on disability issues, paying attention to the rights of those directly affected and the diversity of their experience, will help achieve greater equality of rights and opportunities for people with disabilities. Special people are assets because in spite of their problems, they radiate confidence and inspire all of us. This project is a shining example of how technology can bring in significant positive changes in the life of the person with a disability. This project has set an example on how students can invest their time in contributing technological solutions for the benefit of Humanity. This successful venture will definitely inspire and motivate the participation of young professionals in future humanitarian projects. X. Supporting Evidences ——————————————————– (Please refer to the project report attached for the following evidences: 1) Appreciation from Government of Tamilnadu 2) Feedback from the state Commissioner for disabled, Government of Tamilnadu, India on ISHHS implementation and features. 3) Report on ISHHS Milestone celebration event along with photographs 4) Press articles 5) Appendix on design models —————————————————